- CholesterolCholesterol: In human research, dietary increases in L-arginine resulted in decreased levels of total cholesterol and triglyceride and increased levels of HDL cholesterol (115; 326; 341).
- GlucoseGlucose: In diabetic and nondiabetic subjects, L-arginine resulted in improved glucose profiles and fructosamine over exercise alone (107; 115), decreased glucose production (109), improved insulin sensitivity (110), and increased whole body glucose disposal (112). Plasma glucose increased in one human study (175).
- SodiumSodium: In humans, use of L-arginine reduced renal sodium excretion with a low salt intake and increased renal excretion with a high salt intake (291; 229).
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